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|This information article/pamphlet is an original edited document 
by Teclinocracy Incorporated CHQ 44.94 -93.29 

This information is open source material, as is all of our material. Technocracy 
invented and advocates for the concept of Energy Accounting. This is a detailed 

description of Energy Accounting. TMs fUe was composed and edited by skip Sievert. Sept 2007 

The Energy Certificate & Energy Accounting 

Harold Fezer 


Adapted from an article by Harold Fezer in Technocracy, Series A, number 10, July, 1937. 
Distributed as a pamphlet starting late 1938. This information was edited and re- 
presented by Technocracy - The Design of the North American Technate. and 
technocracy-incorporated » home For further information regarding Technocracy also visit 
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In this day of computers, debit cards, and microchips, an addendum should be included. 

Rather than a book of paper "Energy Certificates", a plastic card similar to today's bank card would be 
more convenient. That technology could contain all the information required, as described in this 

However, since the same information would be provided in whatever form best suits the latest 
technology, an understanding of the concept of the "Energy Certificate" as explained herein will help in 
the understanding of the concept of energy accounting. 


The Application of Science To Ttie Means Wtiereby We Live 

Through countless centuries man has found his own security in the insecurity of others, has found his 
own economic and cultural haven at the expense of poverty and subservience in the majority, has 
found that a higher station in life was possible only for the few, not the multitude. 

Throughout man's history a gigantic effort has been going on to erase from the face of the earth all evil 
between individuals, races, and nations. The approach has been an attempt at reforming and 
converting the individual with the hope that sufficient numbers of "good" men and women gathered in 
all lands might allow a lasting agreement upon the existing physical conflicts to be achieved. There is no 

need to picture here the futility of this approach and its very evident failure to accomplish the idealistic 

It is perhaps one of the major ironies of history that a new and the only adequate approach should have 
been projected and offered by certain interpreters of applied physical science who distinctly disclaim as 
their motivating force all idealistic searches for truth, love, peace, harmony, and other imponderables. 

These interpreters, men of science, undertook an analysis of the operational problems of the North 
American Continental area. From this analysis they synthesized a technological design of social 
operation which they predicted as the next most probable form of social control in this area. It was 
objectively presented. By it, human history can become for the first time a planned progression, based 
on an a quantitative analysis of the continental totality, as contrasted with the old haphazard increment 
of the components peculiar to evolution; i.e. the planned arrival of the fittest, instead of the mere 
survival of the fittest. 

It is precisely the intricate immenseness of the Continental Problems arising in the control and 
operation of a unique high-energy civilization that requires and results in a unique and entirely new 
social methodology. 

Energy, The Cause 

The increase of energy-consuming devices in a high-energy civilization tends to nullify all concepts of 
'value' inherent in those previous ages. The rate of extraneous energy consumption on this Continental 
area has reached an order of magnitude which results in a plethora of goods and services beyond the 
manageable limits of our present control technique. 

When power is used in vast quantities the resultant is an abundance of goods and services. Never in 
history has man faced the technical problem of distributing an achieved abundance. His efforts in the 
past have been directed toward philosophical speculation as to how abundance might be achieved. Now, 
abundance has been thrust upon him by technology. One technical problem has been solved, but man, 
not realizing that he is faced with another technical problem, has turned to philosophic speculation to 
solve the distribution conundrum. 

The availability and use of vast quantities of power opens up many vistas of possible human 
achievement hitherto seen only as shifting mirages by Utopian dreamers of history. It realizes the 
physical fact of abundance. It contains within itself the technique whereby that abundance can be 
distributed. It provides, not just another variation of the method of haphazard exchange now in 
operation throughout the world, but a technique of menstruation, a physical accounting system on a 
Continental order of magnitude. This Continental accounting system in operation would be the arrival of 
certainty in all human physical requirements. 

Social Design Now Possible 

Science and technology have developed the method of research and analysis. Man is now an adept with 
honor-roll of achievement in the discovery and classification of physical knowledge by which he has 
constructed energy consuming devices that have created a new world. Today, the data are available. 
More research is being conducted than ever before. No area on earth excels the Continent of North 
America in this respect. In the matter of design too, science and technology have made strides, but 
only in the minutiae of science and technology. 

Man has designed and constructed enormous dams, power plants, canals, but he has never designed 
and constructed a continental hydrology. Man has designed streamlined trains, and magnificent railroad 
terminals, but never an integrated, continental system of low cost rail transportation. Man has designed 
automobiles and highways, but never a superhighway system with control of traffic origination and load 
factor. Man has designed mammoth strip steel mills, but not an automatic steel sequence from iron ore 
to finished product. Man has built haphazard Price System economies and political empires, but never 

has he designed a self-contained technologically controlled social mechanism. 

In other words, the design of the past has been but the design of the minutiae, the working up from the 
part to the whole; and not the design of the whole leading down into the microcosmic parts of the 
entity. When a continental social mechanism is designed as an operational totality, then and then only, 
will the results of the whole exceed the sum of its parts. When and only when, all the factors relevant to 
the operation of a social mechanism are measurable, is a planned social structure possible. With 
immeasurable factors, effective social planning is impossible. Today, the predominant immeasurable 
factor is ' price' which explains why neither the United States or Russia, nor any other area on earth has 
been able to affect a planned economy. 

But of course science and technology have never had the opportunity, until four decades ago, to design 
in this manner. Science and technology are comparatively new. They have been engaged in building 
with the tools of the knowledge at hand. They have never looked upon the social order, unless it is in a 
Jekyll and Hyde escape from their laboratory. Therefore, the discovery of the importance of the energy 
factor in social measurement was made by a scientist who never left his laboratory--a scientist whose 
laboratory was a Continent. 

Measurement by Energy Cost 

The dislocation of the commodity exchange method of distributing goods and services, and economics 
in general, became apparent after World War I. The disrupted conditions at that time led to an 
investigation which in turn uncovered the astounding, yet almost obvious, fact that the only common 
denominator of all commodities and services is energy. 

The scientists, who pointed this out, simply proposed to measure the total amount of energy used by 
the Continent in a given period; measure the energy cost of physical production and use these 
measurements as a basis for the regulation of all Continental production and distribution. 

The Price System 

The Price System grew out of the days of scarcity, when trading his crude materials, or stealing them, 
was the only way in which man could acquire the articles which he required. Through complex 
ramifications the trading system has grown until it is now the overwhelming structure of finance, 
business, commerce, and politics, in short, the Price System in toto--a gigantic structure, but still just a 
method of exchanging goods, springing from the ancient custom and necessity of barter. No intention 
or pretense is made of accurate mensuration or control; no physical accounting is involved; no accurate 
predictions can be made; and no stabilization can be assured. The Price System is simply a method of 
erratic exchange. In scarcity it sufficed well enough as an exchange method; in abundance it cannot 
even do that. 

When the possibility of assuring accurate measurement of all goods and services in quantitative 
physical terms was announced, it was treated with scorn by all of the institutions of the Price System. 
To take science out of the laboratory, and apply it to social operations was considered heretical. But 
now the inevitability of such development is fast becoming accepted. Those who are blind to the 
acceptance of this new thing will be like those who refused to accept the coming of the railroad. They 
will have to accept it or remove themselves from its sphere. Let us add that it is a long, cold swim to 
the next continent. 

Facts and Social Progression 

Physical development has made the next step mandatory; and Technocracy, grown from the work of 
interpreters of science previously mentioned, now states the following unqualified facts: that we live on 
the North American Continent; that this Continent has abundant resources; that its population is the 
most nearly homogeneous of any like area on the earth; that we have designed, built and are operating 

the largest and most complex array of technological equipment in existence; that we have more men 
and women technically trained than any other area on earth; that we have the highest average 
consumption of extraneous energy per capita of any continent. 

Technocracy also states: that there need be no restriction of our physical standard of living due to 
inadequate resources; that we can only continue toward maximum physical consumption by the 
increased substitution of kilowatt-hours for man hours, and by a continuous improvement of our 
equipment; that we will be forced to greater and greater integration of our physical equipment; that we 
will be forced to adopt a technological administration of all sequences of social operations. 

This then is our social progression whether we like it or not. If we do not accept these physical 
conditions, and refuse to adopt a method of control capable of administering these processes, there is 
only the other alternative— complete abandonment of our technological developments, with the 
consequent chaos. It is not likely that we will permit that catastrophe. The American people are going 
to demand that we move forward; and they, the American people, are going to conscript their leaders, 
the technologist, scientists, and engineers, to lead them to a New America. 

Scientific Control 

The Technate will put into operation a Continental control of all flow lines of production and 
distribution--a Continental statistics expressing the desires of every citizen in his choice of consumable 
goods and available services. This system will do the following things in a physical entity where 
abundance is certain; 

1. Register on a continuous 24-hour time period basis the total net conversion of energy, which 
would determine (a) the availability of energy for Continental plant construction and 
maintenance, (b) the amount of physical wealth available in the form of the total population 
during the balance load period. 

2. By means of the registration of energy converted and consumed, make possible a balanced load 

3. Provide a continuous 24-hour inventory of all production and consumption. 

4. Provide a specific registration of the type, kind, size, etc., of all goods and services, where 
produced, and where used. 

5. Provide specific registration of the consumption of each individual, plus a record and description 
of the individual. 

6. Allow the citizen the widest latitude of choice in consuming his individual share of Continental 
physical wealth. 

7. Distribute goods and services to every member of the population. 

The operation problem of producing Continental abundance is without precedence in the social history 
of man. The magnitude of this operational problem prescribes that there can be only a unique solution. 
The physical wealth of Continental abundance can be produced only by the technological application of 
extraneous energy to all means of production and distribution, namely, to the means whereby human 
beings live. This Continental production of abundance therefore will necessitate the largest per capita 
consumption of extraneous energy possible of achievement, consonant with maximum conservation of 
natural resources. 

The degradation of this volume of extraneous energy on the Continent in the process of producing 
abundance would require the maximum efficiency at the closest approach to full load operation. It is 
obvious that the production of the physical wealth of Continental abundance will be attained only with 
human toil at a minimum, and it therefore follows that the unique solution of this operational problem 
must be the accurate measurement of all extraneous energy converted on the Continental area, and the 
continuous recording of its allocated degradation in providing the citizens of this continent with the 
physical wealth of abundance for individual consumption. Science and technology have no values; only 
measurement. The only method known to science in the measurement of the cost of all physical 
operations is that mount of energy consumed per unit mass, per unit time, per unit distance. 
Technocracy presents the only metrical control of the conversion and consumption of extraneous energy 
on this Continental area. 


The Energy Certificate 

The total amount of certificates which will be issued will represent the total amount of net energy 
converted in the making of goods and the provision of services. All operating, replacement, 
maintenance, and expansion costs (in energy) of the Continental complex, all costs of commercial 
services and provisions (such as local transportation, public health, and minimum housing space for 
each individual) are deducted before the net energy is arrived at. 

The conversion of human energy does not enter into this calculation since it amounts to below 2 
percent of the total consumed energy. The individual's share is not based upon his contribution of work 
of effort to the total operations of the area. There is no theory of labor ' value'--or of any other 'value'. 

Individual Consuming Privileges 

Every adult above 25 years of age will receive as his share of purchasing power an equal part of the 
total net consumed energy, and from birth to the twenty-fifth year every individual will receive a 
maintenance allowance. 

The certificate will be issued directly to the individual. It is non-transferable and non-negotiable, and 
therefore it cannot be stolen, lost, loaned, borrowed, or given away. It is non-cumulative, therefore 
cannot be saved; and does not bear interest. It need not be spent but loses its validity after a 
designated time period. 

The female will receive the same amount of purchasing power as the male, and receive it entirely 
independent of him. 

The energy certificate represents equal, though not identical, purchasing power for every adult living on 
this Continent. In itself it represents nothing of value. It is much in the nature of a blank check--a scrap 
of paper. 

The certificate is valid only for the purchase of items individually consumable. Means of production and 
distribution are not obtainable by the individual. The individual owns nothing beyond his immediate 
personal implements and apparel. For example, he does not own an automobile but merely pays for the 
use of transportation facilities on a time-distance basis. 

Technocracy's mechanics of social control will permit no curtailment or differentiated increases of 
individual purchasing power. 

The available use forms and services will most probably be beyond the consuming power of the 

Social Decision 

The certificate furnishes the individual with the means of maximum social expression and decision, 
since purchasing power is the only means whereby the individual as such can participate in directing the 
variations possible within the limits prescribed by the energy determinants of the area wherein he lives. 
The rate of flow of goods and services in abundant quantities can be controlled by no other mechanism 
than an exact means of distribution such as the energy certificate provides. Incidentally, the energy 
certificate is not applicable to any society operating under scarcity conditions, or any area dependent 
beyond a certain maximum upon other areas for its supply of energy and resources. 

The energy certificate eliminates both the basis and need of all social work, charity, and philanthropy. It 
will reduce crime to but a small fraction of what exists today. That fraction will fall into the field of 
pathology. The reduction will not be due to any change in human nature, but to the absence of objects 
of ' value' and the lack of gain to be had. The element of a chance to win or the risk to lose disappears. 

This means of distribution, based on a determinable change of physical cost per unit produced and of 
service provided, is not subject to fluctuations of "value.' 

Technological Accounting 

We find the energy certificate to be, then a methodology of technological accounting— -a methodology 
which applies the same rigid mensuration that our mass-production of today employs, and has the 
employ, in its swiftly moving flow lines of intricate equipment and multifarious products. 

Inflation, deflation, fiat money, social dividends etc. are-— and have to be---dismissed as instruments 
suitable for the distribution of an abundance of goods and services. They all presuppose a condition of 
scarcity with its corollaries of value: demand and supply, haphazard and meager flow of goods and 
services, and a political interference control superimposed upon the functions of a national economy. 

Today, wealth is measured according to the possession of the medium of exchange. A person's 
possession may have originated through channels ethical or unethical, legal or illegal, socially 
detrimental or beneficial; but once in possession of the medium of exchange the holder may apply it 
with little thought to social responsibilities, the only limiting factors being his shrewdness and the 
volume of tokens at his command. And under modern corporate enterprise the volume at his command 
will far surpass that in his actual possession. The Technate will not prohibit by legalities these uses or 
abuses: the energy certificate mechanism automatically excludes all possibilities of their occurrence. 

The energy certificate is a methodology of mensuration and in use becomes a dependent, invariable, 
and integral part of the total operations. By contrast, all media of exchange represent 'values,' 
fictitious or only ostensibly based upon physical objects, distinctly apart from or merely a unit of the 
totality of operations. The medium of exchange must always be restricted to processes of evaluation, 
and can never be a process of mensuration. 

The energy certificate will not partake of that miraculous feature of a medium of exchange, expansion 
at a compound rate of interest. And it has nothing to do with that other convenient property of a 
medium of exchange which allows manipulation in such a manner as to result in a handsome 
multiplication of the leaven with which the first transaction is effected. We must mention, here, that the 
original nest egg may have been a borrowed one. Few laymen have bothered themselves to trace 
deposits and bank loans logically through a series of transactions. A Truly munificent golden cow has 
been milked for its cream by the financial world. 

Values and Marx 

The disappearance of 'values' in tangible objects with the advancing technology approaching full 
automaticity is a fundamental factor not anticipated by Marxian theory of 'values,' nor by any other 
social philosophy. The disappearance of 'value' automatically invalidates all social philosophies as 
potential solutions of our social problems. Social philosophies are based on assumed moral values of 
human effort. 

Previously, that item which was scarcest and involved the largest expenditure of human effort was the 
highest in 'value.' 

Now, in a sea of abundance, one who stubbornly holds fast to a social philosophy and values connected 
to the civil society constructs of moral/religious and political control interests, that were originally 
designed to work in a system of scarcity, sometimes has difficulty understanding the concepts of 
sustainable abundance, as pointed out by the Design of the North American Technate in the last two 
chapters of the Technocracy Study Course Technocracy Study Course. 

As a case in point, let us consider one material without which no life can continue on this globe--air. Air 
has never yet been subjected to the operations of trading, financing, mortgaging, loaning, borrowing, 
evaluating, or any other manipulations of the Price System. Why? Because its bountiful supply has 
never permitted the creation of a demand. With it there never has existed the opportunity of 
introducing the concepts of 'value' and human labor which form the basis of Marxian theory. 

The characteristics of air can be duplicated with any other needful thing, if we establish the requirement 
of abundance. 

There might be much said in disposing of Major Douglas' Social Credit theory, Fischer's commodity 
dollar, Soddy's treatment of monetary structure, and other such schemes. In theory they differ, but in 
application they all deal in evaluation and therefore must be declared inapplicable in an era of 
abundance where there are no values. It did not happen that Soddy, an outstanding scientist, came 
remarkably close to the projection of the unique civilization required in an era of abundance--but ere 
too late he remembered that he was an English gentleman, inescapably charged with the preservation 
of all that for which Oxonian tradition stands. 

The energy certificate furnishes the molecular mass with a medium whereby it presents its mandate 
unequivocally and continually to the administrative mechanism, without representation, delegation, 
referendum, or any other device of previous social administration. 

The Energy certificate is the only instrument of distribution which can be used in this Continent's 
emerging era of abundance. 

There can be no era of abundance without a New America. 

The energy certificate will be the instrument of distribution in the New America. 

An historical perspective on how the Price System works and where it came from Technocracy and 
History. Propaganda/Public Relations/Marketing. 

* History and Purpose of Technocracy. Howard Scott 

' "The injection of monetary concepts into all discussions of national wealth and income 
wholly confuses the people as to the actual issues at stake, and furthermore serve as a 
handy screen behind which, with a little word juggling, the business-political operators of 
the Price System can continue their profitable activities without being too greatly 
embarrassed by outside interference. It is high time that the significance of national 
wealth and income be understood by every citizen on the North American Continent."